MOSFETs

MOSFETs, also known as MOSFET transistors, stands for ’Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors’. MOSFETs are transistor devices which are controlled by a capacitor. The "Field-Effect" means that they are controlled by voltage. The aim of a MOSFET is to control the flow of the current passing through from the source to the drain terminals. It acts very similarly to a switch and is used for switching or amplifying electronic signals.


These semiconductor devices are ICs (integrated circuits) which are mounted onto PCBs. MOSFETs come in a range of standard package types such as DPAK, D2PAK, DFN, I2PAK, SOIC, SOT-223 and TO-220. For more information about MOSFETs, please see our complete guide to MOSFETs.


What are depletion and enhancement modes?


MOSFET transistors have two modes; depletion and enhancement.
Depletion MOSFETs work like a closed switch. The current passes through when no current is applied. The current flow will stop if a negative voltage is applied.
Enhancement mode MOSFETs are similar to a variable resistor and are generally more popular than the depletion mode MOSFETs. They come in n-channel or p-channel variants.


How do MOSFETs work?


The pins on a MOSFET package are the Source, Gate and Drain. When a voltage is applied between the Gate and the Source terminals, current can pass through from the Drain to the Source pins. When the voltage applied to the Gate changes, the resistance from the Drain to the Source will change too. The lower the voltage applied, the higher the resistance. As the voltage increases, the resistance from the Drain to Source will decrease.
Power MOSFETs are similar to standard MOSFETs but they are designed to handle a higher level of power.


N-Channel vs. P-Channel MOSFETs


MOSFETs are made of p-type or n-type doped silicon.


  • N-Channel MOSFETS contain additional electrons which are free to move around. They are the more popular channel type. N-Channel MOSFETs work when a positive charge is applied to the gate terminal.


  • P-Channel MOSFETS substrate contains electrons and electron holes. P-Channel MOSFETs are connected to a positive voltage. These MOSFETs turn on when the voltage supplied to the Gate terminal is lower than the Source voltage.

Where are MOSFETs used?


MOSFETs are found within many applications, such as microprocessors and other memory components. MOSFET transistors are most commonly used as a voltage-controlled switch within circuits.



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Description Price Channel Type Maximum Continuous Drain Current Maximum Drain Source Voltage Maximum Drain Source Resistance Package Type Mounting Type Pin Count Maximum Gate Source Voltage Channel Mode Maximum Gate Threshold Voltage Minimum Gate Threshold Voltage Maximum Power Dissipation Transistor Configuration Number of Elements per Chip
RS Stock No. 541-1225
Mfr. Part No.IRF9540NPBF
BrandInfineon
£1.98
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P 23 A 100 V 117 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 140 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 919-4886
Mfr. Part No.IRF9540NPBF
BrandInfineon
£0.721
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P 23 A 100 V 117 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 140 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 922-7879
Mfr. Part No.ZVN4310GTA
£0.523
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N 1.67 A 100 V 540 mΩ SOT-223 Surface Mount 3 + Tab -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 3V - 3 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 669-7458
Mfr. Part No.ZVN4310GTA
£1.206
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N 1.67 A 100 V 540 mΩ SOT-223 Surface Mount 3 + Tab -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 3V - 3 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 871-4965
Mfr. Part No.MDP1921TH
BrandMagnaChip
£1.066
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N 153 A 100 V 4.5 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V - 223 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 170-3032
Mfr. Part No.MDP1921TH
BrandMagnaChip
£0.969
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N 153 A 100 V 4.5 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V - 223 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 541-0014
Mfr. Part No.IRF640NPBF
BrandInfineon
£1.98
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N 18 A 200 V 150 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 150 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 919-4817
Mfr. Part No.IRF640NPBF
BrandInfineon
£0.675
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N 18 A 200 V 150 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 150 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 178-0835
Mfr. Part No.IRF840APBF
BrandVishay
£1.043
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RS Stock No. 542-9440
Mfr. Part No.IRF840APBF
BrandVishay
£2.00
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N 8 A 500 V 850 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -30 V, +30 V Enhancement - 2V 125 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 798-2924
Mfr. Part No.PSMN1R8-30PL,127
BrandNexperia
£1.71
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N 100 A 30 V 1.8 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 2.15V 1.3V 270 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 169-7205
Mfr. Part No.PSMN1R8-30PL,127
BrandNexperia
£0.847
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N 100 A 30 V 1.8 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 2.15V 1.3V 270 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 168-4817
Mfr. Part No.IXFK120N65X2
BrandIXYS
£11.628
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N 120 A 650 V 24 mΩ TO-264P Through Hole 3 -30 V, +30 V Enhancement 5V 2.7V 1.25 kW Single 1
RS Stock No. 917-1445
Mfr. Part No.IXFK120N65X2
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£13.83
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N 120 A 650 V 24 mΩ TO-264P Through Hole 3 -30 V, +30 V Enhancement 5V 2.7V 1.25 kW Single 1
RS Stock No. 146-4238
Mfr. Part No.IXFK120N65X2
BrandIXYS
£11.153
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N 120 A 650 V 24 mΩ TO264P Through Hole 3 ±30 V Enhancement 5V 3.5V 1.25 kW Single 1
RS Stock No. 124-9001
Mfr. Part No.IRF540ZPBF
BrandInfineon
£0.652
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N 36 A 100 V 27 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 92 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 688-6872
Mfr. Part No.IRF540ZPBF
BrandInfineon
£1.20
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N 36 A 100 V 27 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 92 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 486-2206
Mfr. Part No.STP16NF06
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N 16 A 60 V 100 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 45 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 920-8764
Mfr. Part No.STP16NF06
£0.598
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N 16 A 60 V 100 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement - - 45 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 920-8777
Mfr. Part No.STD30NF06LT4
£0.426
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N 35 A 60 V 28 mΩ DPAK (TO-252) Surface Mount 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 2.5V 1V 70 W Single 1
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