Cat 6 cable, also known as Category 6 cable, is a type of twisted pair Ethernet cable that is used for networking purposes. It is an improved version of Cat 5e cable and is designed to support higher data transfer rates and reduce interference between wires.
Cat 6 cable consists of four twisted pairs of copper wires that are tightly wound together to minimize signal interference. Each pair of wires is color-coded and insulated, and the pairs are also individually twisted to further reduce crosstalk. The cable typically has an RJ-45 connector at each end, which is the standard connector used for Ethernet connections.
The main advantage of Cat 6 cable over previous generations is its capability to support Gigabit Ethernet (up to 1000 Mbps) and higher network speeds. It has more stringent specifications for crosstalk and system noise compared to Cat 5e cable, which allows for better performance and less signal degradation over longer distances.
Cat 6 cable is commonly used in various networking applications, including local area networks (LANs), data centres, and home networks where high-speed and reliable connections are required. It is backward compatible with older Ethernet standards, so it can be used with devices that support Cat 5e, Cat 5, and even lower categories of Ethernet cables.