Here are some of the key industrial machine safety rules and regulations:
The European Machinery Safety Directive
Also known as Directive 2006/42/EC, this applies to a wide range of industrial machinery, including safety accessories. It sets out health safety requirements to protect workers operating factory machinery and includes both general steps and machine-specific safety measures.
ISO 13849-1 & ISO 13850
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO), based in Geneva, Switzerland, defines internationally applicable sets of standards for use across industry and commerce.
ISO 13849-1 relates to the safety of machinery. It sets out requirements for safe design and performance levels, as well as the inclusion of electrical, hydraulic, mechanical and pneumatic control systems.
Meanwhile, the ISO 13850:2015 standard relates specifically to emergency stop systems in industrial machinery, setting out key principles for their function and design. It does not apply to handheld machines or those which would not be made safer by an emergency stop.
IEC machine safety standards
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) defines international standards for electrical and electronic devices.
IEC 62061 is a standard concerning safety-focused electrical control systems for machinery, and relates to the entire lifecycle of the system, from planning right through to decommissioning.
IEC 61508 is a set of standards concerning automatic protection systems for industrial equipment. The central concept is that safety systems must either work as designed or fail in a predictable and safe manner. A streamlined engineering process aims to eliminate errors and omissions.