How to Wire a 12V Relay
A 12v relay is mostly found in vehicles to power devices and like a 4-pin relay, works on a four-point connection. Wires from either side of the coil need to connect through a switch, to both the positive and negative side of a power source, in this case, it would be the car’s power system. The relay’s moving part will also need to be connected to a power supply (this moving part is sometimes referred to as the common terminal or COM). Finally, the device is then connected to the normally open terminal. When power is on, this closes, and the device is powered.
How to Wire a Split Charge Relay
A split charge relay is a relay used to split power between two batteries. To wire in a split charge relay, the first step is to ensure the alternator and the batteries you are connecting share a negative charge. From there and using a wire connection, the positives on both batteries connect to the 87 and 30 pins on a split charge relay. The 86 pin will connect to the alternator, the connection point on an alternator being labelled F or D. Finally, the 85 pin connects to a negative side on either battery – whichever is most accessible from the relay.
Once all are connected, the alternator becomes the power source for your relay to work. When the alternator is working, the circuit will close in the relay and both batteries will charge.
How to Wire a Relay Switch
A relay switch or a 5-pin is like a 4-pin relay, with the addition of pin number 87a. A 5-pin relay is wired the same as a 4-pin relay. The difference is that when a current isn’t sent through pins 85 and 86, rather than breaking a single circuit, the 5-pin relay will switch to the circuit connected to pin 87a.
How to Wire an 8-Pin Relay
On an 8-pin relay, the pins are numbered differently to account for more pins. 8 pin relays have two normally open circuits and two normally closed circuits, as opposed to one of each. From left to right at the top of a relay, the pins are numbered 6,5,4 and 3. From left to right at the bottom of a relay, the pins are numbered 7,8,1 and 2. Pins 8 and 1 are the pins that are responsible for bringing power into the circuit, whereas pins 5 and 4 are closed circuit pins, and 3 and 6 are open circuit pins. Pin 8 operates pins 5 and 6 and pin 1 operates pins 3 and 4. Finally, pins 2 and 7 are coil pins. When wiring, one of the coil pins must be neutral whilst the other is charged, to balance the circuit.