Solar Panels

Photovoltaic (PV) is the term related to the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect. A typical use of this technology is solar panels which comprise of solar cells that generate solar power. They can be installed on south-facing roofs, walls or on the ground, and can be fixed or have a solar tracker that follows the sun across the sky. The installation of solar panels is highly beneficial for both private and commercial users as the solar energy turned into electricity can be sold to the energy supplier. The feed-in tariff can reduce energy bills and cost of solar panel installation.

The advantage of this type of energy source is that it is clean energy, so generates no pollution and no greenhouse gas emissions. It is however dependent on direct sunlight so around 10% to 25% is lost when a tracking system is not used.

How Does a Solar Panel Work?

The solar cells within a solar panel produce direct current electricity from sunlight. The solar panels consist of several solar cells which contain layers of photovoltaic material, usually silicon. When sunlight shines on the cells they create an electric field across the layers. The more sunlight there is, the more electricity is produced.Solar inverters are then used to change the electric current from DC to AC. The electricity is then sent using copper solar cables which connect modules, arrays, and subfields.

What are typical applications of solar panels?

Most photovoltaic solar panels are used for grid-connected power generation, however, they can also be used on:

  • Boats
  • Roadside emergency telephones
  • Electric cars

How much energy can solar panels generate?

Photovoltaic solar panels can often be seen on the rooftops of houses. Typically, residential rooftop systems generate around 5 kWh to 10 kWh of energy whereas commercial rooftop systems can generate several hundred kilowatts. Rural villages in developing countries which do not have access to grid power are also using solar panels to create solar farms.


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Description Price Power Rating Open Circuit Voltage Number of Cells Battery Bank Capacity Peak Power Type Efficiency Dimensions Depth Length Maximum Temperature Minimum Temperature Width Mounting Style
RS Stock No. 176-7084
BrandRS PRO
£120.00
Each
Units
- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 186-0599
BrandRS PRO
£9.97
Each
Units
- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 664-6762
Mfr. Part No.AM-1454CA
BrandSanyo
£3.37
Each
Units
- 2.4V - - - Amorphous Solar Cell - 41.6 x 26.3 x 1.3mm 1.3mm 41.6mm +60°C -10°C 26.3mm -
RS Stock No. 664-6778
Mfr. Part No.AM-1815CA
BrandSanyo
£4.34
Each
Units
- 4.9V - - - Amorphous Solar Cell - 58.1 x 48.6 x 1.3mm 1.3mm 58.1mm +60°C -10°C 48.6mm -
RS Stock No. 664-6807
Mfr. Part No.AM-8701CAR
BrandSanyo
£10.57
Each
Units
190mW 6V - - - Amorphous Solar Cell - 57.7 x 55.1 x 1.3mm 1.3mm 57.7mm +60°C -10°C 55.1mm -
RS Stock No. 769-4233
Mfr. Part No.STP080MA
£186.65
Each
Units
- - - - - Solar Panel Kit - - - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 664-6772
Mfr. Part No.AM-1816CA
BrandSanyo
£7.31
Each
Units
- 4.9V - - - Amorphous Solar Cell - 96.7 x 56.7 x 1.3mm 1.3mm 96.7mm +60°C -10°C 56.7mm -
RS Stock No. 664-6841
Mfr. Part No.AT-7665A
BrandSanyo
£17.80
Each
Units
125mW 4.7V - - - Amorphous Solar Cell - 58.4 x 56 x 0.4mm 0.4mm 58.4mm +60°C -10°C 56mm -
RS Stock No. 194-133
Mfr. Part No.MSX-01F
BrandBP Solar
£41.29
Each
Units
1.01W - - - - Polycrystalline - 162 x 140 x 10mm 10mm 162mm +85°C -40°C 140mm -
RS Stock No. 769-4264
Mfr. Part No.SPS80NB
£666.64
Each
Units
- - - - - Solar Domestic Kit - - - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 664-6835
Mfr. Part No.AM-7E04CAR
BrandSanyo
£43.51
Each
Units
852mW 12V - - - Amorphous Solar Cell - 150 x 110 x 2.3mm 2.3mm 150mm +60°C -10°C 110mm -
RS Stock No. 111-1034
Mfr. Part No.STP010P
BrandPV Logic
£35.91
Each
Units
- 22V - 70Ah 10W Polycrystalline - 397 x 280 x 25mm 25mm 397mm +85°C -40°C 280mm Wall Mount
RS Stock No. 860-2913
Mfr. Part No.600239
BrandPhaesun
£163.45
Each
Units
- - - - - Energy Generation Kit - - - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 111-1036
Mfr. Part No.STP030P
BrandPV Logic
£83.66
Each
Units
- 22V - 10Ah 30W Polycrystalline - 660 x 380 x 25mm 25mm 660mm +85°C -40°C 380mm Wall Mount
RS Stock No. 882-9073
Mfr. Part No.MIKROE-651
£8.15
Each
Units
- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 111-1033
Mfr. Part No.STP005P
BrandPV Logic
£24.03
Each
Units
- 22V - 35Ah 5W Polycrystalline - 306 x 218 x 25mm 25mm 306mm +85°C -40°C 218mm Wall Mount
RS Stock No. 888-3695
Mfr. Part No.310207
BrandPhaesun
£300.66
Each
Units
30 x 2W 21.6V - - - Monocrystalline - 345 x 645 x 60mm 60mm 645mm - - 345mm -
RS Stock No. 111-1037
Mfr. Part No.STP045P
BrandPV Logic
£125.49
Each
Units
- 22V - 10Ah 45W Polycrystalline - 634 x 535 x 25mm 25mm 634mm +85°C -40°C 535mm Wall Mount
RS Stock No. 111-1035
Mfr. Part No.STP020P
BrandPV Logic
£60.14
Each
Units
- 22V - 10Ah 20W Polycrystalline - 638 x 278 x 25mm 25mm 638mm +85°C -40°C 278mm Wall Mount
RS Stock No. 664-6848
Mfr. Part No.AT-7664A
BrandSanyo
£37.17
Each
Units
335mW 4.7V - - - Amorphous Solar Cell - 112 x 73 x 0.4mm 0.4mm 112mm +60°C -10°C 73mm -
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