This is a complex question to which there is no easy answer.
At its broadest, Industry 4.0 is a configuration of multiple networking technologies, so the biggest challenges focus on the maintenance of strong and secure inter-device connections. This is achieved via:
- Selection of robust, fit-for-purpose networks – either wireless or wired
- Adopting protocols which promote inter-operability e.g. OPC UA
- Maintaining vigilance about network security in order to ward off any cyber threats
As a result, the principle challenges of the IIoT similarly revolve around data storage and digital security, alongside the additional technological requirements posed by the constant need for uninterrupted device connectivity. It is also important to understand what the security considerations and challenges in adopting the IIoT are in order to ensure a smooth, efficient period of implementation.
So, what are the risks associated with IIoT?
As with all aspects of the digital environment, cybersecurity is crucial when it comes to the Industrial Internet of Things. Many consider the primary risk associated with IIoT to be related to online security, yet the reality is that security issues are rare. Taking precautions, practising cybersecurity, and maintaining a well-safeguarded system are the keys to avoiding the risks associated with IIoT while making the most of the benefits of a connected system.
With that in mind, it’s important to keep abreast of the latest technologies and updates in order to stay prepared and protected as the Industrial Internet of Things continues to evolve over time.