Logic Gates

Logic gates are physical components in a circuit that control the flow of a signal by implementing a boolean function, processing a signal to binary information. Logic gates are foundational in logic circuits, or in any electronic circuit process that involves digital to analogue signal conversion, or the flow of digital information.

The RS components range offers semiconductor logic gates from leading brands, with input/output configurations to suit the demands of your digital circuit.

Types of Logic Gate

Logic gates have distinct logic functions. The most common of these are known as basic gates. These include:

• AND Gates. This gate has multiple inputs that are processed to a single signal depending on the
positive combination of high signals in the inputs. It will only produce a high signal if both inputs register as high. (e.g two ones will result in a one, otherwise it will have an output of zero.)

• OR Gates. Like the AND gate, an OR gate has multiple inputs and a single output. In this case, it does not require a positive combination of one signals, but will implement logical produce a high signal if one or all of the inputs are high. (e.g a one and a zero, or two ones, may produce a high signal, but two zeros will produce zeros.)

• NOT Gates. Also known as inverters, the NOT gates will process the signal as the opposite of its value (eg. a one will invert as a zero, and a zero will invert as a 1.)

There are also combined function logic gates that modify typical functions with an inversion.

• NAND Gate. Unlike an AND gate, NAND will process two high signals as a zero and all other combinations as a one.

• NOR Gate. Unlike an OR gate, this will produce a one if the inputs register a zero signal in any combination, rather than a high signal.

• Buffer Gate. A buffer logic gate behaves in the opposite manner of a NOT gate, in that it passes a signal unchanged from input to output.

There are also logic gates referred to as Exclusive Gates.

• XNOR (EX-NOR) Gate. These gates process a high signal if all input signals are true, e.g: if there are two one signals or two zero signals.

• XOR Gate. Unlike an XNOR, XOR performs exclusive dis-junction, which means it will only output a true signal if exactly one of the inputs are true.

Applications

As CPUs employ binary logic, logic gates are essentially the building blocks of computers. As such they can be found in many kinds of digital circuits. Though their essential functions remain unchanged, their implementations are many.

• Encoders
• Decoders
• Multiplexers
• Demultiplexers
• Full adders
• Half adders

...
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Description Price Logic Function Mounting Type Number of Elements Number of Inputs per Gate Schmitt Trigger Input Package Type Pin Count Logic Family Input Type Maximum Operating Supply Voltage Maximum High Level Output Current Maximum Propagation Delay Time @ Maximum CL Minimum Operating Supply Voltage Maximum Low Level Output Current
RS Stock No. 145-0385
Mfr. Part No.SN74LS03N
£0.61
Each (In a Tube of 25)
Units
NAND Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 LS - 5.25 V -0.1mA 32 ns @ 5 V 4.75 V 8mA
RS Stock No. 541-9544
Mfr. Part No.TC4011BP(F)
BrandToshiba
£0.286
Each (In a Pack of 5)
Units
NAND Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 4000 - 18 V -4mA 100 ns @ 10 V, 200 ns @ 5 V, 80 ns @ 15 V 3 V 4mA
RS Stock No. 307-604
Mfr. Part No.SN74LS86AN
£1.62
Each
Units
XOR Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 LS - 5.25 V -0.4mA 30 ns @ 5 V 4.75 V 8mA
RS Stock No. 787-369
Mfr. Part No.HEF4011BT,652
BrandNexperia
£0.344
Each (In a Pack of 5)
Units
NAND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 4000 - 15 V -3.6mA 110 ns @ 5 V, 35 ns @ 15 V, 45 ns @ 10 V 3 V 3.6mA
RS Stock No. 305-232
Mfr. Part No.SN74LS09N
£0.73
Each
Units
AND Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 LS - 5.25 V -0.1mA 35 ns @ 5 V 4.75 V 8mA
RS Stock No. 539-9377
Mfr. Part No.TC74HC32AP(F)
BrandToshiba
£0.238
Each (In a Pack of 5)
Units
OR Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 HC - 6 V -5.2mA 13 ns @ 6 V, 15 ns @ 4.5 V, 75 ns @ 2 V 2 V 5.2mA
RS Stock No. 145-0382
Mfr. Part No.SN74LS09N
£0.61
Each (In a Tube of 25)
Units
AND Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 LS - 5.25 V -0.1mA 35 ns @ 5 V 4.75 V 8mA
RS Stock No. 170-7993
Mfr. Part No.HEF4011BT,653
BrandNexperia
£0.053
Each (On a Reel of 2500)
Units
NAND Surface Mount 4 2 - SO 14 HEF CMOS 15 V -4.2mA 110 ns @ 50 pF 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 103-8153
Mfr. Part No.HEF4011BT,652
BrandNexperia
£0.266
Each (In a Tube of 57)
Units
NAND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 4000 - 15 V -3.6mA 110 ns @ 5 V, 35 ns @ 15 V, 45 ns @ 10 V 3 V 3.6mA
RS Stock No. 144-9972
Mfr. Part No.SN74HC11NE4
£0.149
Each (In a Tube of 25)
Units
AND Through Hole 3 3 No PDIP 14 HC - 6 V -5.2mA 100 ns @ 2 V, 17 ns @ 6 V, 20 ns @ 4.5 V 2 V 5.2mA
RS Stock No. 663-1906
Mfr. Part No.SN74HC11NE4
£0.231
Each (In a Pack of 10)
Units
AND Through Hole 3 3 No PDIP 14 HC - 6 V -5.2mA 100 ns @ 2 V, 17 ns @ 6 V, 20 ns @ 4.5 V 2 V 5.2mA
RS Stock No. 103-8165
Mfr. Part No.74HC00D,652
BrandNexperia
£0.224
Each (In a Tube of 57)
Units
NAND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 HC - 6 V -5.2mA - 2 V 5.2mA
RS Stock No. 709-2059
Mfr. Part No.CD4073BEE4
£0.369
Each (In a Pack of 20)
Units
AND Through Hole 3 3 No PDIP 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 120 ns @ 10 V, 250 ns @ 5 V, 90 ns @ 15 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 145-0000
Mfr. Part No.CD4073BE
£0.184
Each (In a Tube of 25)
Units
AND Through Hole 3 3 No PDIP 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 120 ns @ 10 V, 250 ns @ 5 V, 90 ns @ 15 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 170-7969
Mfr. Part No.74HC00D,653
BrandNexperia
£0.046
Each (On a Reel of 2500)
Units
NAND Surface Mount 4 2 - SO 14 74HC CMOS 6 V -5.2mA 135 ns @ 50 pF 2 V 5.2mA
RS Stock No. 527-441
Mfr. Part No.CD4030BE
£0.30
Each (In a Tube of 25)
Units
XOR Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 100 ns @ 15 V, 130 ns @ 10 V, 280 ns @ 5 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 166-1966
Mfr. Part No.NC7SZ86M5X
£0.061
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
Units
XOR Surface Mount 1 2 No SOT-23 5 TinyLogic UHS - 5.5 V -32mA 5.4 ns @ 5 V, 6.2 ns @ 3.3 V 1.65 V 32mA
RS Stock No. 761-4561
Mfr. Part No.NC7SZ86M5X
£0.207
Each (In a Pack of 25)
Units
OR Surface Mount 1 2 No SOT-23 5 - CMOS 5.5 V -32mA 6.5ns 1.65 V 32mA
RS Stock No. 923-2357
Mfr. Part No.SN74LS86AN
£0.39
Each (In a Tube of 25)
Units
XOR Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 LS - 5.25 V -0.4mA 30 ns @ 5 V 4.75 V 8mA
RS Stock No. 145-5974
Mfr. Part No.SN74AHC1G00DCKR
£0.027
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
Units
NAND Surface Mount 1 2 No SC-70 5 AHC - 5.5 V -8mA 11.4 ns @ 3.3 V, 7.5 ns @ 5 V 2 V 8mA
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