TRIACs

A TRIAC (triode for alternating current, also known as bidirectional triode thyristor or a bilateral triode thyristor) is a silicon semiconductor component with three terminals or legs that allow current to flow in either direction when triggered. TRIACs are a subset of thyristors and are similar to SCRs (silicon controlled rectifiers). However, unlike SCRs and other thyristors, which are unidirectional, the TRIAC is able to control current over both halves of the sine wave, making TRIACs bidirectional. A TRIAC is a 4-layer silicon component that is PNPN in the positive direction and NPNP in the negative direction. The devices come in panel mount, surface mount, and through-hole mounting options in various package types to suit a wide variety of electronics applications and circuits.RS Components have a curated range of TRIACs from a multitude of trusted brands, including Littelfuse, STMicroelectronics, WeEn Semiconductors Co., and many more.

How does a TRIAC work?

In basic terms, a TRIAC is a low-to-medium power semi-latching solid-state switch. The device acts like two standard thyristors inversely connected in parallel or back to back. To activate the component a voltage needs to be applied to the gate terminal, and TRIACs can be triggered by either negative or positive voltages, whereas SCRs require a positive voltage. Once the gate current is triggered, a TRIAC will continue to conduct even if the supply to the gate is removed.

On a TRIAC symbol, there are three terminals. These terminals are:

  • MT1 Anode 1 (Main Terminal 1)
  • MT2 Anode 2 (Main Terminal 2)
  • Gate Terminal

What are TRIACs used for?

TRIACs are widely used for switching and power control of AC systems. TRIACS are particularly useful in applications such as lighting dimmer switches, as they enable the utilisation of each half-cycle of the AC wave. The solid-state device can be used in a circuit as a simple on-off device in a wide range of electronic applications. Some of the more common areas are:

  • Temperature control
  • Liquid level control
  • Dimmers for domestic lighting
  • Small motor control
  • Speed control for electric fans

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Description Price Rated Average On-State Current Mounting Type Package Type Maximum Gate Trigger Current Repetitive Peak Reverse Voltage Surge Current Rating Pin Count Maximum Gate Trigger Voltage Repetitive Peak Forward Blocking Voltage Maximum Holding Current Dimensions Length Width Height
RS Stock No. 484-2741
Mfr. Part No.BT136-600D,127
£0.62
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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4A Through Hole TO-220AB 10mA 600V 27A 3 1.5V 600V 10mA 10.3 x 4.7 x 9.4mm 10.3mm 4.7mm 9.4mm
RS Stock No. 484-2779
Mfr. Part No.BT137-600D,127
£0.606
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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8A Through Hole TO-220AB 10mA 600V 71A 3 1.5V 600V 10mA 10.3 x 4.7 x 9.4mm 10.3mm 4.7mm 9.4mm
RS Stock No. 178-1434
Mfr. Part No.BT137-600D,127
£0.501
Each (In a Tube of 50)
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- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 102-3531
Mfr. Part No.BTA40-600B
£7.534
Each (In a Bag of 25)
Units
40A Panel Mount RD-91 100mA 600V 420A 3 1.3V 600V 80mA 40 x 27 x 14mm 40mm 27mm 14mm
RS Stock No. 127-0654
Mfr. Part No.BTA40-600B
£7.27
Each
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40A Panel Mount RD-91 100mA 600V 420A 3 1.3V 600V 80mA 40 x 27 x 14mm 40mm 27mm 14mm
RS Stock No. 168-7877
Mfr. Part No.BTA12-600BRG
£1.222
Each (In a Tube of 50)
Units
12A Through Hole TO-220AB 50 mA, 100 mA 600V 126A 3 1.3V 600V 50mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 15.9mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 15.9mm
RS Stock No. 810-7332
Mfr. Part No.BTA12-600BRG
£1.236
Each (In a Pack of 10)
Units
12A Through Hole TO-220AB 100 mA, 50 mA 600V 126A 3 1.3V 600V 50mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 15.9mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 15.9mm
RS Stock No. 727-1120
Mfr. Part No.BT136-600E,127
£0.415
Each (In a Pack of 10)
Units
4A Through Hole TO-220AB 25mA 600V 27A 3 1.5V 600V 15mA 10.3 x 4.7 x 9.4mm 10.3mm 4.7mm 9.4mm
RS Stock No. 169-0637
Mfr. Part No.BT136-600E,127
£0.414
Each (In a Tube of 50)
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4A Through Hole TO-220AB 25mA 600V 27A 3 1.5V 600V 15mA 10.3 x 4.7 x 9.4mm 10.3mm 4.7mm 9.4mm
RS Stock No. 687-1007
Mfr. Part No.BTA41-600BRG
£5.47
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40A Through Hole TOP3 100mA 600V 420A 3 1.3V 600V 80mA 15.5 x 4.6 x 12.85mm 15.5mm 4.6mm 12.85mm
RS Stock No. 168-6664
Mfr. Part No.BTA41-600BRG
£4.707
Each (In a Tube of 30)
Units
40A Through Hole TOP3 100mA 600V 420A 3 1.3V 600V 80mA 15.5 x 4.6 x 12.85mm 15.5mm 4.6mm 12.85mm
RS Stock No. 486-0907
Mfr. Part No.BTA16-600BWRG
£1.524
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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16A Through Hole TO-220AB 50mA 600V 168A 3 1.3V 600V 50mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 9.3mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 9.3mm
RS Stock No. 102-3526
Mfr. Part No.BTA16-600BWRG
£1.236
Each (In a Tube of 50)
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16A Through Hole TO-220AB 50mA 600V 168A 3 1.3V 600V 50mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 9.3mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 9.3mm
RS Stock No. 714-2564
Mfr. Part No.BTA08-600BRG
£1.288
Each (In a Pack of 5)
Units
8A Through Hole TO-220AB 100mA 800V 84A 3 1.3V 800V 50mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 15.9mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 15.9mm
RS Stock No. 877-2624
Mfr. Part No.BTA26-600BWRG
£5.76
Each (In a Pack of 5)
Units
25A Through Hole TOP3 50mA 600V 260A 3 1.3V 600V 75mA 15.5 x 4.6 x 21.1mm 15.5mm 4.6mm 21.1mm
RS Stock No. 168-8857
Mfr. Part No.BTA26-600BWRG
£4.906
Each (In a Tube of 30)
Units
25A Through Hole TOP3 50mA 600V 260A 3 1.3V 600V 75mA 15.5 x 4.6 x 21.1mm 15.5mm 4.6mm 21.1mm
RS Stock No. 145-8613
Mfr. Part No.BTA26-600BRG
£3.512
Each (In a Tube of 30)
Units
25A Through Hole TOP3 100mA 600V 260A 3 1.3V 600V 80mA 15.5 x 4.6 x 12.85mm 15.5mm 4.6mm 12.85mm
RS Stock No. 714-0515
Mfr. Part No.BTA26-600BRG
£4.13
Each
Units
25A Through Hole TOP3 100mA 600V 260A 3 1.3V 600V 80mA 15.5 x 4.6 x 12.85mm 15.5mm 4.6mm 12.85mm
RS Stock No. 168-6190
Mfr. Part No.BTB04-600SL
£0.711
Each (In a Tube of 50)
Units
4A Through Hole TO-220AB 25mA 600V 38A 3 1.3V 600V 15mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 9.15mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 9.15mm
RS Stock No. 486-0957
Mfr. Part No.BTB04-600SL
£0.832
Each (In a Pack of 5)
Units
4A Through Hole TO-220AB 25mA 600V 38A 3 1.3V 600V 15mA 10.4 x 4.6 x 9.15mm 10.4mm 4.6mm 9.15mm