Comparators

What is a Comparator?

A Comparator is a circuit which accepts two voltages or currents and then switches the output showing which is bigger. Comparators are found in components like analogue to digital converters. Comparators are like operational amplifiers except a comparator is designed to operate with positive feedback and output saturated at one power rail or the other.

How a Comparator works.
A comparator samples two input pins and turns on the output when identifying a difference or similarity.
An example is when you have a minus voltage on the inverting Pin and a plus non-inverting. When the voltage, on the non-inverting equals the inverting voltage the Pin turns on. Normally the output Pin is open and switches to ground when the comparator is activated.

Why use a Comparator?
The primary use of a comparator is converting analog to digital (ADC). Two supply voltage are applied and the difference determines a high or low digital signal.

Types of Comparator.
Current sense, Differential / Dual differential, Dual / Dual CMOS, Dual voltage / General voltage, General purpose, Ground sense, High speed / high-speed CMOS, Low current CMOS, Low power / low voltage / low-power CMOS, Micro power, Nano power, Precision, Push/pull output, Quad differential, Rail to rail, Voltage, Window.

Mounting Types.
Surface mount
Through hole
Comparator power supply types.
Dual
Single

Various package types, pins, sizes, channels per chip, PSRR (power supply rejection ratio), CMRR (common mode rejection ratio) are all available.

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Description Price Comparator Type Mounting Type Package Type Power Supply Type Output Type Number of Channels per Chip Typical Response Time Pin Count Typical Single Supply Voltage Dimensions Length Width Height Typical CMRR
RS Stock No. 191-3425
Mfr. Part No.MAX992EUA+
£1.454
Each (In a Pack of 5)
Units
- Surface Mount μMAX Dual, Single Open Drain 1 - 8 2.5 → 5.5 V 3.1 x 3.1 x 0.95mm 3.1mm 3.1mm 0.95mm 80dB
RS Stock No. 145-5734
Mfr. Part No.LMV339ID
£0.691
Each (In a Tube of 50)
Units
General Purpose Surface Mount SOIC Single Open Collector 4 - 14 3 V, 5 V 8.65 x 3.91 x 1.58mm 8.65mm 3.91mm 1.58mm -
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A range of high speed voltage comparators from ...
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The Texas Instruments LM193, LM293, LM393 and LM2903 ...
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The Texas Instruments LM193, LM293, LM393 and LM2903 are dual differential input voltage comparators designed to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages. The common mode input voltage range includes ground and the devices have open collector outputs.
The Texas Instruments LM193, LM293, LM393 and LM2903 ...
Description:
The Texas Instruments LM193, LM293, LM393 and LM2903 are dual differential input voltage comparators designed to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages. The common mode input voltage range includes ground and the devices have open collector outputs.
Texas Instruments’ range of voltage comparators includes not ...
Description:
Texas Instruments’ range of voltage comparators includes not only conventional single, dual and quad comparator packages but also window comparators and over- & under-voltage supervisors.Although comparators and operational amplifiers are superficially similar devices their operation in practical applications is very different. Op amps are intended for linear operation accompanied by ...